Resources on Girls in the Juvenile Justice System

Compiled by: Paula Schaefer, Paula Schaefer & Associates, Inc.

Curricula

Girls’ Circle: Promoting Resiliency & Self-Esteem in Adolescent Girls Curriculum by Giovanna Taormina & Beth Hossfield. This strengths-based, skill building approach creates a safe space for girls to address risky behaviors, build on protective factors, and improve relationships in a format that interests and engages girls. www.girlscircle.com

Voices: A Program For Self-Exploration & Empowerment For Girls by Stephanie Covington, Ph.D. Voices encourages girls to seek and celebrate their "true selves" by giving them a safe space, encouragement, structure, and support to embrace their important journey of self-discovery. The program advocates a strength-based approach that helps girls to identify and apply their power and voices as individuals and as a group. http://www.stephaniecovington.com/books.asp

Girls … Moving On by Marilyn Van Dieten, Ph.D. Curricula for criminal justice involved girls. The goal of this program is to assist girls to mobilize and develop personal and social resources that mediate the impact of risk for future criminal behavior. Orbis Partners, Inc. www.orbispartners.com

The Art of Yoga Project: Nothing Beyond Her Reach Curriculum Healing at-risk girls with art and yoga.
The mission of The Art of Yoga Project is to lead teen girls in the California juvenile justice system toward accountability to self, others and community by providing practical tools to effect behavioral change. www.theartofyogaproject.org/

Trauma Resiliency Model (TRM) TRM is a condensed course designed to teach skills to stabilize and reduce and/or prevent the emotional and physical symptoms of traumatic stress within a brief treatment setting and/or emergency situation. www.traumaresourceinstitute.com

TARGET (Trauma Affect Regulation: Guide for Education and Therapy), Advanced Trauma Solutions A treatment approach for individuals who have experienced extreme stress and are having difficulty with emotional and mental focusing. www.advancedtrauma.com

Seeking Safety: A Treatment Manual for PTSD and Substance Abuse by Lisa M. Najavits Guilford Press, New York Publisher 2002 www.seekingsafety.org

An Income of Her Own Published by Independent Means providing products and services to assist girls to achieve financial independence. www.independentmeans.com/imi/store/index.php

Catalogs

National Women’s History Resource Catalog: Resources for Honoring & Celebrating Women
www.nwhp.org

Free Spirit Press: Publisher of learning tools that support young people’s social and emotional health
www.freespirit.com

Daniel Memorial Institute 2007 Catalog: Resources for Independent Living & Foster Care Youth www.danielkids.org

Web Publications

National Council on Crime & Delinquency (NCCD) Center for Girls and Young Women A passionate voice for justice, fairness and equity.
www.justiceforallgirls.org

Child Trauma Academy Great web resource on the physiological and psychological impact of childhood trauma, free online courses.
www.childtraumaacedemy.org

National Juvenile Justice Network Helping state advocates attain for and appropriate treatment for all youth in the juvenile justice system.
www.njjn.org

National Center for Trauma-Informed Care Technical assistance center dedicated to building awareness of trauma-informed care and promoting the implementation of trauma-informed practices in programs and services.
http://mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/nctic/

National Child Traumatic Stress Network Mission: To raise the standard of care for traumatized children, families and communities.
www.nctsnet.org

National Center for Mental Health & Juvenile Justice Established in July 2001 to assist the field in developing improved policies and programs for youth with mental health disorders in contact with the juvenile justice system, based on the best available research and practice.
http://www.ncmhjj.com

Girls Health Information Website: Sponsored by the Nat’l Womens Health Information Center, U.S. Dept. of Health
www.girlshealth.gov/

The Center for Young Women’s Development - Mission: To empower and inspire young women who have been involved with the juvenile justice system and/or the underground street economy to create positive change in their lives and communities.
www.cywd.org

The Prevention Researcher” Quarterly journal delivering current research and top developments to professionals in the youth services industry.
www.TPRonline.org

Girls, Inc. “Inspiring all girls to be: Strong, Smart, & Bold”
www.girlsinc.org

The Link Connection a Juvenile Justice & Child Welfare” E Newsletter by Child Welfare League of America to sign up go to website:
www.cwla.org/programs/juvenilejustice/jjdnewsletter.htm

The Girl Connection for those who serve girls. Monthly internet newsletter on girls by Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. To receive via email contact Kathy Nesteby:
Kathy.Nesteby@iowa.gov and www.state.ia.us/dhr/sw/girls

Conferences

Annual Whispers & Screams Conference – Iowa - website

Bi-Annual National Workshop on Adult & Juvenile Female Offenders - www.ajfo.org

Magazines

Teen Voices by and for teen girls – empowering and “real”. www.teenvoices.com

The New Moon Magazine Written by and for girls ages 8 to 14. www.newmoon.com

Articles/Reports/Newsletters/Planning Guides

National Center for Child Traumatic Stress Series of Six 2013 Briefs on Trauma-Informed Approach for Juvenile Justice:

  1. Trauma-Informed Juvenile Justice Roundtable: Current Issues and New Directions in Creating Trauma-Informed Juvenile Justice Systems, 2013 by Dierkhising, C., Ko, S., Halladay Goldman, J. for the National Center for Child Traumatic Stress (.pdf download)
  2. Racial Disparities and the Juvenile Justice System: A Legacy of Trauma, 2013 by Clinton Lacey for the National Center for Child Traumatic Stress (.pdf download)
  3. Cross-System Collaboration, 2013 by Macon Stewart for the National Center for Child Traumatic Stress (.pdf download)
  4. Trauma and the Environment of Care in Juvenile Institutions, 2013 by Sue Burrell for the National Center for Child Traumatic Stress (.pdf download)
  5. The Role of Family Engagement in Creating Trauma-Informed Juvenile Justice Systems, 2013 by Liane Rozzell for the National Center for Child Traumatic Stress
  6. Trauma-Informed Assessment and Intervention, 2013 by Kerig, P.K.. for the National Center for Child Traumatic Stress (.pdf download)

“Vision 21 Transforming Victim Services: Final Report Executive Summary & Recommendations” 2013, Office of Victims of Crime, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice (.pdf download)

“Sexual Victimization in Juvenile Facilities Reported by Youth 2012, National Survey of Youth in Custody” 2013, by Allen Beck, et al, Bureau of Justice Statistics, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice (.pdf download)

“How Trauma Gets under the Skin: Biological and cognitive processes of child maltreatment” 2013, ChildrenÕs Mental Health eReview, by: Adrienne VanZomeren-Dohm, Rowena Ng, Kamyala Howard, Molly Kenney, Lynde Ritchmeier Cyr, Jessica Gourneau, Extension Children, Youth & Family Consortium, University of Minnesota (.pdf download)

“No Wrong Door: A Comprehensive Approach to Safe Harbor for MinnesotaÕs Sexually Exploited Youth” 2013, Minnesota Department of Public Safety, Office of Justice Programs (.pdf download)

“Research to Action: Sexually Exploited Minors (SEM) Needs and Strengths” 2012, by Danna Basson, Erin Rosenblatt, Hannah Haley: WestCoast ChildrenÕs Clinic (.pdf download)

“Early Intervention to Avoid Sex Trading and Trafficking of MinnesotaÕs Female Youth: A Benefit-Cost Analysis” 2012, Minnesota Indian WomenÕs Resource Center. Report finds that early intervention to avoid sex trading and trafficking of Minnesota's female youth passes rigorous beneft-cost test with a return on investment of $34 in benefit for each $1 in cost (.pdf download)

“Shattered Hearts: The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of American Indian Women and Girls” 2009, The Minnesota Indian WomenÕs Resource Center (website)

“Garden of Truth: The Prostitution and Trafficking of Native Women in Minnesota” 2011, by Melissa Farley, Nicole Matthews, Sarah Deer, Guadalupe Lopez, Christine Stark, Eileen Hudon. A project of Minnesota Indian Women's Sexual Assault Coalition and Prostitution Research & Education (.pdf download)

“The 12 Core Concepts: Concepts for Understanding Traumatic Stress Responses in Children and Families” 2012, NCTSN Core Curriculum on Childhood Trauma Task Force (.pdf download)

“Victimization and Trauma Experienced by Children and Youth: Implications for Legal Advocates” 2012, Issue Brief #7, by Lisa Pilnik, JD, and Jessica Kendall, JD. For Safe Start (.pdf download)

“Blind Discretion: Girls of Color & Delinquency in the Juvenile Justice System” 2012, by Jyoti Nanda. UCLA Law Review (.pdf download)

“Sexual Trauma Marks Girls' Path to Juvenile Justice System” 2012, by Kaukab Jhumra Smith, the Juvenile Justice Information Exchange (website)

“Justice for Girls: Are We Making Progress?” 2012, by Francine T. Sherman, for UCLA Law Review (.pdf download)

“Detention Reform & Girls: Challenges & Solutions” 2005, by Francine Sherman for The Annie E. Casey Foundation (.pdf download)

“Transfer of Juveniles to Adult Court: Effects of a Broad Policy in One Court” 2012, by Edward P. Mulvey and Carol A. Schubert, for OJJDO(.pdf download)

“Childhood Trauma and Its Effect on Healthy Development” 2012, National Center Brief, National Center for Mental Health Promotion and Youth Violence Prevention (.pdf download)

Comprehensive Community Mental Health Services for Children and Their Families Program, Evaluation Findings: Report to Congress, 2010, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, US Dept. of Health and Human Services (.pdf download)

Estimated Annual Cost of Child Abuse and Neglect, 2012, Prevent Child Abuse America (website)

MN Girls Are Not For Sale a campaign of the WomenÕs Foundation of Minnesota (website)

“Families Unlocking Futures: Solutions to the Crisis in Juvenile Justice” 2012, Justice 4 Families (website)

Voices from the Field: Findings from the National Girls Institute Listening Sessions, 2012 (website)

“The Effects of Childhood Stress on Health Across the Lifespan” 2008, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (.pdf download)

Female Responsive Protocol for Adolescent Female Offenders, 2010, Iowa Task Force for Young Women (.pdf download)

“Ten Things Every Juvenile Court Judge Should Know About Trauma and Delinquency” 2010, published by the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges, Reno, Nevada (.pdf download)

“Positive Youth Justice--Framing Justice Interventions Using the Concepts of Positive Youth Development” 2010, Butts, Bazemore, & Meroe for the Coalition for Juvenile Justice (.pdf download)

Non-Judicial Drivers into the Juvenile Justice System for Youth of Color Prepared for The California EndowmentÕs Boys & Men of Color Initiative W. Haywood Burns Institute (.pdf download)

Gender-Responsive Program Assessment, 2008, by Stephanie Covington and Barbara Bloom (.pdf download)

National Prison Rape Elimination Commission Report June 2009, This final report of the National Prison Rape Commission proposes standards to prevent, detect, respond to and monitor sexual abuse of incarcerated or detained individuals throughout the United State (.pdf download)

“Gender Responsiveness and Equity” California's Juvenile Justice System (.pdf download)

“HEALING INVISIBLE WOUNDS: Why Investing in Trauma-Informed Care for Children Makes Sense” 2010, Justice Policy Institute (.pdf download)

“Between Two Worlds: How Young Latinos Come of Age in America” 2009, PEW Hispanic Center, A PEW Research Center Project (.pdf download)

“Program Reduces Girls' Delinquent Behavior” NIDA, Research Findings Vo. 22, No. 4 (Oct. 2009) The findings note that adolescent girls who exhibit delinquent behavior can be treated more effectively in well-supervised family settings versus residential treatment programs (website)

“Poly-victimization Among Girls in the Juvenile Justice System: Manifestations & Associations to Delinquency” Submitted to the National Institute of Justice By Dana D. DeHart, Ph.D. October 2009 (website)

“Child Traumatic Stress: What Every Policymaker Should Know” A Guide from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN), by Gerrity, E., PhD, Folcarelli, C. (2008) Funded by SAMHSA, US Department of Health and Human Services (.pdf download)

“Responding to Childhood Trauma: The Promise and Practice of Trauma Informed Care” by Gordon R. Hodas, MD 2006 (.pdf download)

“The Costs of Confinement Report: Why Good Juvenile Justice Policies Make Good Fiscal Sense” 2009 (.pdf download)

OJJDP Report: “Violence by Teenage Girls: Trends & Context” May 2008, by: Zahn, et al, OJJDP Girls Study Group (.pdf download)

“Girls in the Juvenile Justice System” by Paula Schaefer, published in GPSolo, publication of the American Bar Association April/May 2008 Vol 25, # 3 (website)

“Understanding and Responding to People in the Criminal Justice System Who Live with Self-Inflicted Violence” by Ruta Mazelis (.pdf download)

“Trauma Š the Common Denominator” 2009, by Witness Justice Prepared with Assistance from CMHSÕs National Center for Trauma Informed Care (WEBSIwebsiteTE)

Creating Trauma Services for Women with Co-Occurring Disorders, 2003, Report by Moses, Reed, Mazelis, DÕAmbrosio Experiences from the SAMHSA Women with Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Disorders who have Histories of Violence Study (.pdf download)

“Hidden Injustice: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Youth in The Justice System” by Majd, Marksamer, & Reyes Fall 2009 (.pdf download)

The Legal Rights of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Youth in the Juvenile Justice System, 2006, Report, National Center for Lesbian Rights (website)

“Building on Strength: Positive Youth Development in Juvenile Justice Programs” 2008, William H. Barton, Jeffrey A. Butts (website)

“Where the Girls Are: The Facts About Gender Equity in Education” 2008, by Corbett, Hill & St. Rose, Published by AAUW (website)

“Trauma Among Youth in the Juvenile Justices System: Critical Issues & New Directions” by Ford, et al June 2007 (.pdf download)

“Girls in the Hood: The Importance of Feeling Safe” 2008, by Popkin, Leventhal & Weismann (.pdf download)

“Girl Violence and Aggression: Problem and Solutions” August 2006, Report (.pdf download)

“Detention Reform & Girls: Challenges & Solutions” 2005, by Francine Sherman for The Annie E. Casey Foundation (.pdf download)

“Report of the APA Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls” 2007, Report by the APA Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls For printed copy call: 202-336-6044 To download: (website)

“Behind the Walls and Beyond: Restorative Justice, Instrumental Communities and Effective Residential Treatment” by Gordon Bazemore, Jay G. Zaslow, Danielle Riester, Winter 2005 Juvenile and Family Court Journal (.pdf download)

“Improving Probation Through Client Strengths: Evaluating Strength-Based Treatment for at Risk Youth” 2006, by Don Kurtz & Travis Linnemann, Published in Western Criminology Review 7(1), 9-19 (.pdf download)

“Focusing Juvenile Justice on Positive Youth Development” by Jeffrey Butts, Susan Mayer & Gretchen Ruth Chapin Hall Center for Children: Issue Brief #105 (website)

“Trauma Among Girls in the Juvenile Justice System” 2004, National Child Traumatic Stress Network, Juvenile Justice Working Group (.pdf download)

“The Impact of Restraint on Sexually Abused Children & Youth” 2004, Residential Group Quarterly, Volume 4, Number 3, Childe Welfare League of America Winter (.pdf download)

“PAINFUL SECRETS: Helping Traumatized Girls in PennsylvaniaÕs Juvenile Justice System” by Patrick Griffin Pennsylvania Progress, Spring 2001 Vol. 7, No 4 (.pdf download)

“The Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Project É Continued” by Patrick Griffin Publication: Pennsylvania Progress, October 2002 Vol.9, No 2 (.pdf download)

“Gender-Responsive Strategies: Research, Practice, & Guiding Principles for Women Offenders” National Institute of Corrections Report by Bloom, Owen, Covington, Ph.D. July 2003 (.pdf download)

“Justice by Gender: The Lack of Appropriate Prevention, Diversion & Treatment Alternatives for Girls in the Justice System” Excellent report by the American Bar Assoc. & the NatÕl Bar Assoc. (.pdf download)

“How To Implement OregonÕs Guidelines For Effective Gender-Responsive Programming For Girls” 2001, by Pam Patton & Marcia Morgan download from the web: (.pdf download)

“Child Traumatic Stress: What Every Policymaker Should Know” A Guide from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN), by Gerrity, E., PhD, Folcarelli, C. (2008) Funded by SAMHSA, US Department of Health and Human Services (.pdf download)

The Costs of Confinement Report: Why Good Juvenile Justice Policies Make Good Fiscal Sense 2009” (.pdf download)

OJJDP Report: “Violence by Teenage Girls: Trends & Context” May 2008 by: Zahn, et al, OJJDP Girls Study Group (.pdf download)

“Girls in the Juvenile Justice System”, Paula Schaefer, published in GPSOLO, publication of the American Bar Association April/May 2008 Vol 25, # 3 *(website)

“Understanding and Responding to People in the Criminal Justice System Who Live with Self-Inflicted Violence” by Ruta Mazelis (.pdf download)

Trauma – the “Common Denominator” Feb 2009, by Witness Justice www.witnessjustice.org. Prepared with Assistance from CMHS’s National Center for Trauma Informed Care
To print article go to: http://www.witnessjustice.org/resources/trauma.cfm?printPage=1&

Creating Trauma Services for Women with Co-Occurring Disorders 2003 Report by Moses, Reed, Mazelis, D’Ambrosio - Experiences from the SAMHSA Women with Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Disorders who have Histories of Violence Study. (.pdf download)

The Legal Rights of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Youth in the Juvenile Justice System 2006 Report - National Center for Lesbian Rights (website)

“Building on Strength: Positive Youth Development in Juvenile Justice Programs” 2008
William H. Barton, Jeffrey A. Butts
http://www.chapinhall.org/article_abstract.aspx?ar=1471

“Status of Girls in Minnesota” April 2008, by: The Institute for Women’s Policy Research in Partnership with the Women’s Foundation
http://www.wfmn.org/StatusofGirlsResearch.shtml

“Where the Girls Are: The Facts About Gender Equity in Education” 2008 by: Corbett, Hill & St. Rose, Published by AAUW
http://aauw.org/research/WhereGirlsAre.cfm

“Trauma Among Youth in the Juvenile Justices System: Critical Issues & New Directions” by Ford, et al June 2007 (.pdf download)

“Girls in the ‘Hood: The Importance of Feeling Safe” by Popkin, Leventhal & Weismann 2008 (.pdf download)

“Girl Violence and Aggression: Problem and Solutions” August 2206 Report (.pdf download)

Detention Reform & Girls: Challenges & Solutions” 2005 by Francine Sherman for The Annie E. Casey Foundation (.pdf download)

“Report of the APA Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls”, 2007 Report by the APA Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls For printed copy call: 202-336-6044 (
To download: www.apa.org/pi/wpo/sexualization.html

“Behind the Walls and Beyond: Restorative Justice, Instrumental Communities and Effective
Residential Treatment” By Gordon Bazemore, Jay G. Zaslow, Danielle Riester, Winter 2005 Juvenile and Family Court Journal (.pdf download)

Improving Probation Through Client Strengths: Evaluating Strength-Based Treatment for at Risk Youth” by Don Kurtz & Travis Linnemann, Published in Western Criminology Review 7(1), 9-19 (2006) (.pdf download)

Focusing Juvenile Justice on Positive Youth Development” by Jeffrey Butts, Susan Mayer & Gretchen Ruth Chapin Hall Center for Children: Issue Brief #105 (website)

Trauma Among Girls in the Juvenile Justice System” National Child Traumatic Stress Network, Juvenile Justice Working Group 2004 (.pdf download)

“The Impact of Restraint on Sexually Abused Children & Youth”, Residential Group Quarterly, Volume 4, Number 3, Childe Welfare League of America Winter 2004 (.pdf download)

“PAINFUL SECRETS: Helping Traumatized Girls in Pennsylvania’s Juvenile Justice System” by Patrick Griffin Pennsylvania Progress, Spring 2001 Vol. 7, No 4 (.pdf download)

“The Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Project … Continued” by Patrick Griffin Publication: Pennsylvania Progress, October 2002 Vol.9, No 2 (.pdf download)

"Girls in the Juvenile Justice System", by Christy Sharp & Jessica Simon 2004 Child Welfare League of America National Center for Program Standards & Development Juvenile Justice Division (website)

“Gender-Responsive Strategies: Research, Practice, & Guiding Principles for Women Offenders”, National Institute of Corrections Report by Bloom, Owen, Covington, Ph.D. July 2003 (.pdf download)

“Justice by Gender: The Lack of Appropriate Prevention, Diversion & Treatment Alternatives for Girls in the Justice System” Excellent report by the American Bar Assoc. & the Nat’l Bar Assoc. (.pdf download)

“How To Implement Oregon’s Guidelines For Effective Gender-Responsive Programming For Girls” October 2001 by Pam Patton & Marcia Morgan download from the web: (.pdf download)

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